Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of the Republic of Croatia. The city originated from two medieval settlements on neighboring hills – Gradec and Kaptol, bishop’s city. It is located on the southwestern border of the Pannonian plain at an average altitude of 122 m, beneath the southern slopes of Medvednica, on the left and the right bank of the river Sava. The position of the city, which extends to the Alpine, Dinaric, Adriatic and Pannonia regions, allowed Zagreb to become a bridge between the Central European and Adriatic region.
At the beginning of the 19th century, 7706 people lived in Zagreb and the number was constantly growing. In the year 1834, after renovating the Old Town Hall, Zagreb got its first permanent theatre, and in 1847, the Croatian Parliament proclaimed Croatian the official language, which replaced the official language – Latin.
During the revolutionary year 1848, Zagreb, just like the rest of the Europe, took part in the tumultuous political events. The central city square was renamed Jelačić Square in the same year. At the turn of the 20th century, 61002 inhabitants lived in Zagreb. The city continued to expand and the city’s center then gets much of its present-day appearance. The city extended eastward towards Peščenica and westward towards Črnomerac.
Zagreb is the cultural center of Croatia. There are several cultural institutions in the city that are traditionally very prestigious. Besides, practically all seats of the most important cultural institutions are located in the city, such as: Matica hrvatska and Croatian Writers’ Association.
PLAN AND PROGRAM OF EXCURSIONS:
Included in the price:
Not included in the price: